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by Tim Childerhouse

The first known recorded ownership of the land is in about 1175, when the monks of Waverley Abbey were donated 31 acres for agricultural purposes, which they used for sheep grazing.  Rent in 1287[1] was 4s 3d.  The land owned by the monks was roughly bounded by Church Lane in the north, Church Road in the east and reached Boxalls Lane in the south.  Adam Clericus[2] and Margaret of Overescumbe[3] rented 29 acres to the west, extending to roughly Highfield Avenue.

For three hundred years the ground was worked by one monk and seven clerics.  After the Dissolution of Waverley Abbey, a Robert White of Aldershot[4] bought the land in 1537 (still used as sheep pasture), and the rent increased to 4s 4d.  At this time, the two great farms were amalgamated into 60 acres.  John Fauntleroy[5] administered the land for about 35 years and was the main landowner in Aldershot up to about 1600.

But, alas, two events were to change the fortunes of the family.  In 1599, Robert White parted this life intestate, leaving two daughters as coheirs, and, in the early years of the next century, came the decline of the English wool trade with the continent.

Cont....

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  1. From the 1287 schedule of the Crondall Rental.

  2. Clericus - translates from Latin to several English terms - clergyman, cleric, clerk, priest, scholar, scribe, secretary. [top]

  3. From the Baigent Crondall Records Page 98 (Documents and Records up to 1300) Documents And Records Relating To The Hundred And Manor Of Crondall In Hampshire. ©2008 The Yateley Society.
    "Holders of a virgate."
    "Adam the Cleric and Margaret of Overescumbe [Overescoumbe] hold one virgate of land containing 29 acres on payment therefore of 2/- on the Feast of St. Michael, and 9 1/2d. for pondpany[6], and one churchscot[7] of white corn, and one hen and five eggs, and they shall do all service in every respect as the said Robert de la Forde."
    "The same Margaret holds certain encroachments on payment of 2s. 1d. annually."
    "The same Adam holds certain encroachments on payment of 4s."
    [top]

  4. From the records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,  (http://www.lds.org/)
    Robert White (son ?) was born about 1550 (christened 3rd February 1550 at Farnham) he died 20th April 1599.  He was married to Mary Forster, born about 1557 at Bradley, Derbyshire.  They had two children Mary born about 1581 and Ellen born 1579 (died 18th May 1606), both at Aldershot.  Mary married Richard Titchborne, Ellen married Walter Titchborne on 7th May 1597, both men the sons of Benjamin Titchborne & Amphillia or Amphillis Weston. [back] [top]

  5. From the records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,  (http://www.lds.org/)
    John Faunteleroy [Fauntleroy ?] was born in 1501 in Crondall, he died in 1598 in Dippenhall Manor, Crondall, and was buried on 14 Feb 1598 in Crondall.  Mrs Margaret Faunteleroy (wife ?) was born about 1525 in Crondall, and was buried on 5 Apr 1613 in Crondall.  Children were John Faunteleroy born 1555, Joan Faunteleroy born about 1556, Anne Faunteleroy born about 1558 and William Faunteleroy. [back][top]

  6. Pondpany - apparently the word is simply "Pond-penny", a tax levied for the expense of keeping the banks and weirs of the pond in order.  This "pond-penny" was paid only by the customary tenants, and was assessed on the extent of their holdings.  It was at the rate of 3s. 2d. for a hide of land; half-hide, 1s. 7d.; virgate, 9 1/2d.; half-virgate, 4-3/4d.  Freeholders, were free from this payment.  (Description courtesy of the Yateley Local History website).  The term is apparently very local to this area of Hampshire and relates to a tax paid to the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun for the upkeep of the "Flete" [Fleet] ponds. [back] [top]

  7. Churchscot - A tax payable at Martinmas (St. Martins Day, article at Wikipedia), usually in the form of sheaves of Wheat or trusses of Straw. [back] [top]


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