Midland Hawthorn - Crataegus laevigata
Family - Rosaceae
Also known as - English Hawthorn, Mayflower
spp. paulii "Paul's Scarlet"

Midland Hawthorn - Crataegus laevigata, click for a larger image, photo licensed for reuse CCBY3.0
Midland Hawthorn
Photo ©2007 - Sten Porse

General description for Midland Hawthorn -

Crataegus laevigata is a species of hawthorn native to the UK, western and central Europe growing to 8m (25ft) tall, with a dense crown.  hermaphroditic flowers in corymbs of 6-12, each flower with five white or pale pink petals and two or three styles, and are pollinated by midges and small flies, developing to a fruit that is a dark red sphere 6-10mm (0.25-0.4in) diameter, slightly broader than long, containing 2-3 nutlets.  The leaves are 2-6cm (0.8-2.4in) long and 2-5cm (0.8-2.0in) wide, with 2-3 shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf.  Originally incorrectly attributed C. oxyacantha, the name continues to be occasionally used.

Midland Hawthorn spp. "Paul's Scarlet"-

This is a cultivar of the Midland Hawthorn (possibly from Crataegus monogyna) grown for its bright pinkish red double flowers which can be seen from April to June.  It has a tendency to droop as it grows requiring pruning if planted where vehicle or pedestrian access is required.  Glossy green 3-5 lobed leaves 5cm (2in) long, bright pink-red double flowers 1.5cm (0.6in) across.  This cultivar supposedly originated as a sport on C. laevigata in a garden in Hertfordshire in 1858, it has been awarded the AGm (Award of Garden Merit) by the Royal Horticultural Society Floral B Committee.  It was formerly known as Coccinea Plena or Kermesiana Plena.

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