Common Spotted Orchid - Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Family Orchidaceae, native perennial and familiar orchid of wet meadows, grassland, woodlands, roadsides and fens. Common throughout but rare in Scotland, growing to 60cm (2ft), mostly on calcareous or neutral soils. Green glossy leaves are dark brown or black spotted, appearing before the flower stalk as a rosette. Narrower leaves sheathed the lower part of the stalk. Flowers 10mm (0.5in) across of pale pink to pinkish-purple marked with darker streaks and spots on the lip which has three equal lobes, appear as tall spikes June to August.
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