Koi Carp - Cyprinus spp.
Koi (Nishikigoi in Japanese) are related to Common Carp but can be larger and are more colourful, growing to 90cm in about ten years, living to about a hundred years old. Originating in Japan about AD 800 from two wild stock colour mutations (Grey and Red), and bred for colour variation after the 1800's, 13 types are officially recognised in Japan based on markings, colour and scale type. Several further subtypes relate to other variations on colour and patterning in individual Koi.
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