Dog Violet - Viola riviniana
Family - Violaceae
Also known as - Wood Violet

An attractive common and widespread UK and European native plant resembling a Pansy, found in woodland, grassland, heaths, hedgerows and old pasture growing to 5-20cm (2-8in) high.  Single blueish-purple flowers of five petals with a white centre are seen from April to June, they are unscented unlike those of Sweet Violet - Viola odorata.  The white centre is largest on the lower middle petal whish is also striped a darker purple whilst the two other lower petals on either side have a hairy appearance.

Pointed sepals, like other Violets found wild in the U.K. the Dog Violet has a spur which sticks out behind the flower, a features of V. riviniana is that the spur is a lighter colour than the petals and it's tip is notched.  Grows as a biennial or evergreen perennial, with simple or pinnately lobed alternate leaves with indented edges on long stalks, the flowers are seen in late spring and early summer.  It has a rhizomatous growth structure and grows as a basal rosette.

FBCP do not advise or recommend that Dog Violet - Viola riviniana is eaten or used as an herbal remedy.   The flowers and heart shaped leaves are edible although the leaves are said to be rather bland and slightly bitter.

Dog Violet - Viola riviniana, click for a larger image, photo licensed for reuse
Photo ©2006 Svdmolen
Dog Violet - Viola riviniana, click for a larger image, photo licensed for reuse Dog Violet - Viola riviniana, click for a larger image, licensed for reuse NCSA3.0
Two photos above ©2017
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