Extracts from Baigents 1891 document "The Crondal Records"

A collection of records, documents, maps and dating from around 850 to 1860's relating to the Hundred and Manor of Crondal in the county of Southampton.  Historical and Manorial by c 1891.

Page 123 - ALRESSHATE (Aldershot)
Holders of a Virgate[1]

William of Lynham holds one virgate of land containing 24 acres, on payment therefore of 3s. and 9 1/2d. for pondpany[2], and half a stoup of honey, and one churchscot[3] of white corn at Feast of St. Martin and 2 hens at the Feast of St. Martin, and one hen against Christmas and 5 eggs against Easter, and if he have a plough of his own then he shall plough 2 acres at winter sowing, or give 12d. and one acre at harvest service, or give 4d., and in like manner he shall plough 2 acres at Lent sowing, or shall give 12d. and one acre at harvest service, or shall give 4d., and he shall harrow the aforesaid 2 acres at both sowing times, and besides he shall harrow one acre of Consteggyng, and shall weed with one man for 6 days, and shall find one man with a scythe to mow the lord's meadows, and shall load hay and carry it, and shall fence a meadow and one perch in the lord's court, and shall reap 5 acres at Crondal in the autumn, and shall find 4 men for harvest service at Sutton for one day, or shall give 8d. and one man for harvest service at Crondal for 2 days, and he shall carry for 2 days in the autumn, and shall thrash 1 1/2 bushels of corn, and shall convey it to Winchester, or give 2d., and shall set up 16 pooks of corn, and in each pook there shall be 5 sheaves, and he shall carry material to build and repair the houses of the court and shall give to the lord annual aid, and he cannot sell his horse or his ox without the lord's leave, and he cannot give his daughter in marriage without ransom.  The same holds one plot of encroachment before the door of Faber, on payment of 1 1/2d. yearly.

Page 123-124

Robert de la Forde and Walter de la Dene hold one virgate of land containing 18 acres, on payment of 2s. at the Feast of St. Michael and 9 1/2d. for pondpany, one churchscot of white corn, and one hen and 5 eggs against Easter, and with the exception of the honey and the 2 hens, they shall do all service as the said William de Lynham.

The same Robert holds certain acres of encroachment on payment of 20d.

The same Walter holds certain encroachments on payment of 9d.

Page 124

Adam Clericus[4] and Margaret of Overescumbe (Overescoumbe) hold one virgate of land containing 29 acres on payment therefore of 2d. on the Feast of St. Michael, and 9 1/2d. for pondpany, and one churchscot of white corn, and one hen and 5 eggs, and they shall do all service in every respect as the said Robert de la Forde.

The same Margaret holds certain encroachments on payment of 2s. 1d. annually.

The same Adam holds certain encroachments on payment of 4s.

Page 126

The Monks of Waverlye hold 31 acres of encroachment on payment of 4s. 3d. at the said Feast of St. Michael.

Page 330-334

The Tithing of Aldrisshott
Parcel of the Hundred and Manor of Crondal
[29 March, 1568 - 10 Elizabeth]

John Faunteleroy - To the view of frank-pledge with the hundred and court of the manor there held on the 29 day of March, in the tenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God Queen of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c., came John Faunteleroy, who holds in like manner according to the custom of the said manor, a capital messuage, garden, orchard, and two virgates of land with appurtenances in Alrishott, viz.

It goes on to list over 30 messuages, gardens, orchards, lands, tenements, closes, woods, etc., all and singular the premises with appurtenances belonging to the aforesaid John Faunteleroye.

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  1. Virgate [virgata, virga] - A variable measure of land, we have found several descriptive meanings for Virgate (Remember that Brickfields Country Park is now 7.5 acres or 3.0 hectares) [top]

    • A quarter of a hide.  Used in Domesday [Doomsday] for tax purposes.
    • 12 acres of land providing food for 7 people.
    • Depending upon the quality of the land, but was between about 15 and 60 acres.
    • The Virgate was also called the "Yardland" or "yard of land".
  2. Pondpany - apparently the word is simply "Pond-penny", a tax levied for the expense of keeping the banks and weirs of the pond in order.  This "pond-penny" was paid only by the customary tenants, and was assessed on the extent of their holdings.  It was at the rate of 3s. 2d. for a hide of land; half-hide, 1s. 7d.; virgate, 9 1/2d.; half-virgate, 4-3/4d.  Freeholders, were free from this payment.  (Description courtesy of the Yateley Local History website).  The term is apparently very local to this area of Hampshire and relates to a tax paid to the Prior and Convent of St. Swithun for the upkeep of the "Flete" [Fleet] ponds. [top]

  3. Churchscot - A tax payable at Martinmas (St. Martins Day, article at Wikipedia), usually in the form of sheaves of Wheat or trusses of Straw. [top]

  4. Clericus - Translates form Latin to several English terms - clergyman, cleric, clerk, priest, scholar, scribe, secretary. [back] [top]

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