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Daffodil - Narcissus pseudonarcissus is a poisonous plant

Daffodil - Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Family - Amaryllidaceae
Also known as - The Lent Lily

This plant is poisonous

A native Perennial of open woods and meadows, the Daffodil is locally common in parts of England and Wales often flourishing after woodland coppicing.  Its native range extends to Western Europe but it is now widely found in other parts of the world with a similar habitat as a garden plant.  It is regarded as established in Australia, New Zealand and the eastern United States.  Long grey-green leaves are narrow and basal with a spread of up to 20cm (8in).  Familiar yellow flowers of a central tubular trumpet surrounded with a disk of six to seven petals sometimes of a paler yellow colour.  The flowers which are 50-60mm (2-2.3in) across appear March to April, the plant can reach a height of 15-30cm (6-12in).

Fully hardy preferring sun or light shade and a well drained soil, they spread by seed dispersal and/or by bulb offsets.  The usually solitary flowers can vary from diminutive to large trumpets.  There are many cultivated variants with differing flower shapes and colour combinations with several to be found in Brickfields Park.  The right hand photo below is of the variety "Golden Ducat".  As most of our Daffodils were planted when the park was created, it is quite likely that they are mostly commercial varieties.  The daffodil is the national flower of Wales, and was voted the county flower of Gloucestershire in 2002 following a poll by the wild flora conservation charity Plantlife.

As in all Narcissus species, daffodils contain an alkaloid poison Lycorine throughout the plant but concentrated in the bulb so Daffodils should never be eaten.   The bulb also contains oxalates, which when swallowed cause burning and irritation of the lips, tongue, and throat, they can also cause skin irritation.

Daffodil - Narcissus pseudonarcissus, click for a larger image Daffodil - Narcissus pseudonarcissus, click for a larger image Daffodil - Narcissus pseudonarcissus, var. Golden Ducat, click for a larger image
Var. Golden Ducat
Photos ©2003-
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