Canary grass - Phalaris canariensis
Family - Poaceae
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Canary Grass belongs to the Poaceae family. Native originally to the Mediterranean region, it is now grown commercially for birdseed, this supposedly giving it the name. It is a large coarse grass with erect hairless stems growing usually to between 0.5-1.8m (2-6ft) tall depending on ground conditions. The ligules are prominent and membranous, 0.25in (0.6cm) long and rounded at the apex.
Flat tapering leaves are are 9-25cm (3.5–10in) long, 0.6-1.9cm (0.25-0.75in) wide, and can be rough. Clusters of variegated compact erect panicles sometimes slightly spreading ranging from 8-40cm (3-16in) long with branches 1-4cm (0.4-1.6in) long. Single flowers occur in dense clusters in May to mid-June or August. Inflorescences are green or slightly purple at first darkening to a light brown. Seeds are shiny brown, it is used as bird food generally mixed with other seeds reduce costs.
Image 1885 - Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé
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