Garden Dart - Euxoa nigricans, click for a larger image
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Garden Dart - Euxoa nigricans, click for a larger image, photo licensed for reuse CCA2.0
Photo ©2003 Donald Hobern

Garden Dart moth - Xestia xanthographa
Family - Noctuidae

The Garden Dart is a drab variable moth of the family Noctuidae family found in the UK, Europe, Africa, North America and parts of Asia but usually localised.  Generally dark brown it can range from Grey to Black.  Identified by a large pale curved stigma on the forewings, the hindwings are pale with a grey fringe.  They have a wingspan of 30–42mm (1.2-1.7in) and can be seen flying at night from July to August.  Like most night flying moths it is attracted to light, making it readily susceptible to light traps.

It is found in woodland edges, grassy areas, waste ground, farmland and suburban areas visiting various plants.  With a large decline in populations it is a species of conservation concern under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.  Over wintering as an egg the resultant larvae are green or brown with two white stripes down each side, polyphagous, feeding on a range of plants including various Clovers, Grasses, Docks and Plantains.

73.314, Bradley & Fletcher #2082

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